strip mining coal in australia

  • Surface Coal Mining Methods in Australia IntechOpen

    Surface Coal Mining Methods in Australia 5 2. Open cut mining methods strip mining Large-scale open cut coal mining operations commenced in Australia in mid 1960s and since then there has been significan t developments in this method of mining. The mines are now operating at significantly higher annual tonnages, growing deeper, more complex and operating at higher stripping ratios (Westcott et

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  • Months Before Albertans Were Told, Australian Miners

    29/01/2021· Australian mining firms seeking to strip-mine metallurgical coal in Alberta’s eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains knew well ahead of Albertans that the government was planning to

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  • (PDF) Surface Coal Mining Methods in Australia

    Strip Mining, In: Australasian Coal Mining Practice (Eds: A J Hargraves and C H Martin), pp. 210-220, The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy [AusIMM]: Melbourne, Australia. The

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  • Surface Coal Mining Methods in Australia ResearchGate

    Surface Coal Mining Methods in Australia 7 Fig. 4. Dragline Working Section (Gianazza, 2010). Fig. 5. Box cut, strip cuts and spoil piles (Humphrey, 1984).

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  • University of Wollongong Research Online

    Of the available surface mining methods, strip mining is arguably the most common method used to mine coal in Australia. Pre-strip by definition is the removal of any waste material not considered to be valuable. In surface coal mines, pre-strip often refers to the initial material that is removed to facilitate another digging process and is distinctly different from subsequent overburden

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  • (PDF) Surface Coal Mining Methods in Australia

    Strip Mining, In: Australasian Coal Mining Practice (Eds: A J Hargraves and C H Martin), pp. 210-220, The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy [AusIMM]: Melbourne, Australia. The

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  • University of Wollongong Research Online

    Of the available surface mining methods, strip mining is arguably the most common method used to mine coal in Australia. Pre-strip by definition is the removal of any waste material not considered to be valuable. In surface coal mines, pre-strip often refers to the initial material that is removed to facilitate another digging process and is distinctly different from subsequent overburden

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  • Months Before Albertans Were Told, Australian Miners

    03/02/2021· Australian mining firms seeking to strip-mine metallurgical coal in Alberta’s eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains knew well ahead of Albertans that the government was planning to rescind a law that stood in the way. The 44-year-old Coal Policy, the result of extensive public consultation in the 1970s, kept 1.5 million hectares of Category 2 lands in the eastern slopes off limits

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  • Strip Mining: A Destructive Way of Coal Extraction

    12/03/2017· Yet the industry often prefers to strip mine because it takes less labour and yields more coal than underground mining. In some countries, such as Australia, strip mines make up 80 percent of mines. This is a very sobering reality given the local, short and long term impacts of strip mining.

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  • Surface Coal Mining Methods in Australia ResearchGate

    Surface Coal Mining Methods in Australia 7 Fig. 4. Dragline Working Section (Gianazza, 2010). Fig. 5. Box cut, strip cuts and spoil piles (Humphrey, 1984).

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  • Surface-strip coal mine land rehabilitation planning in

    01/12/2017· Surface-strip coal mining may involve the use of walking draglines which can excavate pits 2 To put rehabilitation liabilities in context, Australia's exports of black coal from 2007 to 2008, were valued at $24.4B AUD (Geoscience Australia and Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 2010). An attribute of negative mine legacies, is incomplete remediation, with

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  • History of coal mining Wikipedia

    It uses strip mining exclusively. Wyoming's coal reserves total about 69.3 billion tons, or 14.2% of the U.S. coal reserve. In One-third of Australia's coal exports were shipped from the Hunter Valley region of New South Wales, where coal mining and transport had begun nearly two centuries earlier. Coal River was the first name given by British settlers to the Hunter River after coal was

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  • Documents suggest Adani retained long-term plan to build

    11/11/2020· The ABC reported earlier this year that Adani’s former mining boss in Australia, Lucas Dow, “Furthermore, due to the high quality of our coal and the low strip ratio, Carmichael coal is in

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  • Strip Mining CITIZENS COAL COUNCIL

    Strip mining is a type of surface mining where the overlying vegetation, rock, and soil (overburden) is removed in order to reach the underlying coal seam, which usually lies a few feet beneath the surface. Explosives are used to fracture any overlying rock, and then heavy machinery is used to remove the overburden and dump it into a nearby area. Mining is done in long, narrow strips, thus the

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  • Strip Mining an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    Coal is primarily obtained by surface mining (sometimes called “ strip mining,” but not by the industry) and underground mining. There are two main sources of power plant coal in the United States: (1) Pennsylvanian-age coals in eastern basins like the Appalachian, Illinois, and Black Warrior, and (2) Paleocene-age coals in western states such as Wyoming, Colorado, and Montana. The eastern

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